When we speak of “the North” and are referring not to a part of the world but a destination, the notion that comes to most people’s minds is one of cold, dampness, insufficient sunlight and a number of other predominantly unpleasant feelings. This certainly does not apply to North Bohemia because it is a land that is charming, ragged, flat and romantic, teeming with natural and architectonic wonders, and rich in history. It doesn’t take long to fall in love with this region.
North Bohemia is very accessible from Prague that it also is suited for a one day trip. From Prague is only about one and a half hours derive to the northern frontier and the border to Germany. This part of the Czech Repubic has a beautiful nature with hills and small mountains full of castles and a mix of architectural styles including baroque vernacular, sometimes gothic, which tells about the history of this country and give the places an authentic charm.
“Bohemian Switzerland” is located about 90 km north-east of Prague, you find one of the most astonishing places in the Czech Republic.
sometimes the area is also called Czech Paradise , which makes sense for those who have visited the area. The area covers a dense network of hiking and cycling trails crisscross thick forests and connect a long series of high, rocky outcrops and ridges, many of which are crowned with medieval cliff top castles that peer across the treetops to the distant plains.
Boat trips through the gorges of the Kamenice River are very common. You will also find uncountable many lookout towers here, attractive lookout points on the rocks and mazes or famous pilgrimage sites.
You can take a cable car up to the Ještěd or set out for the highest mountain in the Krkonoše Mountains and in the Czech Republic Sněžka (1,602 m). Do not forget to visit Mácha’s Country, the Lusatian Mountains and Ještěd Ridge, Frýdlantsko and the Jizera Mountains
The Jizera Mountains offer ideal conditions for winter sports, primarily for cross-country skiing. The Jizerská magistrála (the Jizera artery) has 75 kilometers of cross-country trails, and since 1968 the long-distance Jizera Fifty Run (Jizerská padesátka), one of the biggest races of its kind, has taken place here. In summer it is a paradise for mounting biking, bike jöring or canicross. You will find also Andrenalin parks for bikers as near Nove Mesto pod Smrkem.
little more east ,are located at the Czech-Polish border near Germany (about 1-2 hours north of Prague) are some of the most popular skiing resorts in the Czech republic for instance places like The resorts in Krkonoše include Špindlerův Mlýn (Svatý Petr), which is one of the most popular skiing resorts in the country.
The region’s towns have a rich glass-making tradition, dating all the way back to the Middle Ages. Today’s glass-making center consists of the triangle of Chřibská (with the oldest glassworks in Europe still in operation), Nový Bor (with its glassworks museum) and Kamenický Šenov (home to the oldest glass-making school in Europe).
In addition to Mácha Lake and Holanský Pond, which are popular holiday destinations during summer where you also can check out other bodies of water in this region. The area has an interesting history especially the area around are Liberec and Jablonec nad Nisou.
Until second work war a majority of the population in the area were Germans, and you can clearly see the German influence on architecture and in museums or on old buildings the language is German. What happened to the German population is still a taboo in the Czech society.
The case is that the Communist Regime supported a very violent expulsion of ethnic Germans that led to the abandonment of many cities and towns. Then, of course, they were filled with people again, but part of the land is still no different densely populated. That chapter of Czech history is not a popular conversational topic. Apart from this topic Czech people are rather open-minded about what they think about society today or about communism versus how it is today
If you take the trip north there are a few places you cannot miss and it is Litomerice, Zatec,Kadan and Úštěk. It is incomprehensible how well preserved the ancient cities are and it is something that are able to impress even the most demanding connoisseur of art.